Wing Finance ($WING) introduced a credit-based DeFi system that supports cross-chain digital asset lending, allowing users to borrow funds and provide collateral based on their credit score.
Crypto-lending, as it was introduced in the DeFi space, was not as accessible to many as it was meant to be. Despite being open platforms, over-collateralization requirements have limited the number of people who could make loans since they had to own a ton of digital assets first. Wing Finance aims to resolve this issue. In this article, we will explain how this mechanism works.
Wing Finance is a protocol developed by the team behind Ontology, an enterprise blockchain solution protocol. The aim of the developers was to address the problems that were present in mainstream financial products deployed in DeFi. With the process mainly designed to introduce credit elements in the space, Ontology came up with Wing Finance.
In the spirit of further decentralization, Wing Finance also launched a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) to support community governance and user sovereignty. What Wing brings to the table are concepts such as credit-based lending and expandable categories of assets that can be digitized.
What is Wing Finance?
Wing Finance is a credit-based, cross-chain lending platform on DeFi. And as already mentioned, its main goal is to make digital lending services more accessible to everyone through a credit evaluation module that does away with massive collateralization requirements.
The credit evaluation framework works around the OScore system, a mechanism built on top of Ontology. OScore is a sovereign reputation and credit assessment system for DeFi. It functions through the implementation of identifiers and credentials that are supported in cross-chain transactions.
To put it simply, it is the system that comes up with a credit evaluation tool that factors in the holdings or balance of any particular user, as well as their history of managing digital assets. To do this, OScore attaches a digital identity to a user’s assets, such as those that are built on Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ontology. This helps the system determine a user’s credit score.
Ontology is working on integrating more evaluation functions and on-chain data in the OScore system. But now, they are already implementing OScore in their user’s wallets.
Since the platform is powered by Ontology, it can support a collateral pool that contains a variety of cryptocurrencies even if they are on different blockchains. This is what is referred to as ‘cross-chain’ support. Through Ontology’s decentralized identity and data functions, any asset can be digitized.
Decentralized and Automated Credit Evaluation
Smart contracts power the decentralized and automated credit evaluation function of the platform. Decentralized identity and data protocols enable automated credit data verification and evaluation system that does not require any third-party intervention. Furthermore, this is where the OScore system rests.
Features of Credit-Based Lending
- Lower collateralization requirements
Since borrowers can now depend on their OScore data to make loans, the collateralization requirements can be lowered further, if not canceled altogether.
- Asset Digitization
It is easier to digitize assets on the platform because it can now be attached with credit elements from the on-chain data that OScore can gather.
- User Sovereignty
The platform does not need any third-party to perform user verifications. Instead, the credit elements used to tag users function through decentralized identifiers (DID), which are verifiable and decentralized. Smart contracts also ensure that the review of these elements does not need manual intervention anymore.
Flash Pool allows users to borrow and lend on the platform. Lenders also receive interest payments for supplying their funds on the platform. To prevent the likelihood of asset losses, it also has an insurance pool that can cover such risks.
Anyone can supply their cryptocurrencies in the Flash Pool which it will lend to the platform’s borrowers. In return, lenders receive interest in both the crypto supplied and WING tokens. The return is correspondent to its APY.
Anyone can borrow cryptocurrencies from the Flash Pool, they just need to meet the prescribed collateral requirement for their loan. To earn WING rewards, they have to lock 3% of their WING tokens first.
To ensure that potential risks are covered in the platform, users can also take part in the insurance pool of the platform. Users just have to lock their WING tokens in the flash pool for at least 3 days.
The WING token is Wing Finance’s native, utility token. It is used to back the platform’s reward system as well as its voting mechanisms.
In Wing Finance’s Inclusive pool, they are rewarded for maintaining a good credit score on the platform. Examples of activities that help with that include paying loans back on time and maintaining good behavior.
They can also be given reduced interest rates for their loans if they exhibit good repayment practices.
The community can vote on protocol parameters on Wing’s three main pools. These are the lending pool, borrowed pool, and risk control margin pool. Some examples of the functions that can be subject to a community vote are the type of assets that can be borrowed, minimum and maximum borrowing and lending amounts, and other risk control requirements.
Users only have to own at least 1 WING in order to participate in community governance. Through this, they are given the right to put forward proposals on the services of the platform.
Over-collateralization requirements in most DeFi products have limited the number of people who could actually borrow crypto and the amount that they can leverage. While these were innovations that many crypto adopters were waiting for, these were not enough to attract new adopters who didn’t have much crypto holdings to begin with.
Wing Finance has made a system where it is much easier to borrow funds and lend idle assets to get returns without compromising the quality of its liquidity pool altogether. And because it functions on top of the Ontology system, it does not suffer from rising gas fees that are experienced in other smart contract chains.
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