Hong Kong Dollar Government Stablecoin: A Contender for Challenging USDT/USDC in the East?

Digital worlds unite society, offering vast potential to users, businesses, and governments through revolutionary technologies. But, it also introduced certain digital assets that are more sensitive to risk and potential fraud. Web3 technologies, such as Blockchain and Crypto, offer transparency and trackability, reducing risks with proper government regulation. Four financial innovation experts, Wang Yang, Cai Wensheng, Lei Zhibin, and Wen Yizhou, have authored a paper promoting financial innovation. The paper urges the Hong Kong government to issue a new currency called the government-backed Hong Kong Dollar Stablecoin (HKDG). This proposed stablecoin aims to challenge the dominance of leading private stablecoins such as USDT and USDC.

Transitioning Hong Kong’s Economy to Blockchain Technology


For decades, US Dollars have dominated global commerce, with the leading stablecoins designed to replicate the Dollar’s convenience, efficiency, and security for digital asset transactions. This resulted in near-total dominance of the digital world by US-based companies, and private stablecoins. Asia trails in the digital currency race due to unreliable laws and infrastructure, except for Hong Kong’s financial sophistication.

At the moment, Hong Kong’s foreign exchange reserves, as of March 2023, reach approximately $430 billion, far outpacing the combined market capitalization of USDT and USDC, which respectively amount to around $120 billion. This gives the city-state an unparalleled opportunity to become a true leader in the online payment and digital asset world. According to the report, Hong Kong can do this by transitioning from an economy built on traditional fiat currencies to one that is powered primarily by blockchain technology.

Government-Backed Hong Kong Dollar (HKDG) Stablecoin Proposal

Issuing a government-backed Hong Kong Dollar Stablecoin (HKDG) is proposed to be a crucial part of this move. The potential benefits of this are numerous. Firstly, such a coin could challenge the dominance of the US Dollar as well as provide additional liquidity for many government projects. The government’s greater oversight and regulation of the coin would likely bring much-needed assurance to both users and investors. Additionally, this coin would enable the government to closely monitor and assess any potential risks associated with digital payments and assets.

Nevertheless, this new coin is not without potential obstacles. Legal issues, payment disputes, and active hacks can harm the coin’s reputation and operation, posing potential risks. The paper concludes that the government, with its superior capacity, should assume responsibility for addressing these risks.

Challenges in Implementing Regulations Due to Banks’ Reluctance

The Hong Kong government formed a task force to oversee Web3 development, marking a significant step forward. The Securities and Futures Commission is discussing Gemini’s expansion and establishing a framework for crypto service providers in the city. Implementing proper regulations for crypto exchanges is challenging due to banks’ reluctance to engage with their operations.

HSBC‘s fine for money laundering has led to its refusal to provide services to crypto companies in Hong Kong. Crypto companies must exercise caution when dealing with banks in the region, as Standard Chartered has taken a similar stance.

Political tensions between East and West heightened with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and China’s aim to replace US Dollars. Hong Kong must address these issues and find solutions to remain financially competitive and attractive to the Web3 industry.

Launching a Hong Kong Dollar Stablecoin (HKDG) is challenging due to strict bank regulations and economic strains on international relationships. Hong Kong’s financial prowess and infrastructure make a government-backed cryptocurrency a potentially game-changing move in the digital economy. It is an ambition that, if realized, will be sure to reverberate around the world.

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Rina Giannino
Journalist venturing into blockchain, Rina has been a follower of the technology since 2019 and finally taken the plunge with a career as a journalist in the industry.